After completing this course, you will be able to:
- Assess the Enterprise Architecture of a firm (by specifying the organizational architecture, the applications architecture, the process architecture, and the technology architecture of the firm);
- Evaluate the impact of Enterprise Architecture on strategic alignment between business and technology in the firm;
- Advise on how Enterprise Architecture will enhance business performance and value;
- Advise on how Enterprise Architecture analysis can be used to strengthen IT governance;
- Advise on standardization of data and process in order to enhance business and technology performance;
- Analyze and develop an Enterprise Architecture by using (i) Application Portfolio and Process Analysis (Picture Approach; Groot et al, 2006), (ii) EA Analysis (Ross and Weill), 2006), (iii) Archimate Analysis (BizzDesign);
- Discuss the strategic impact of IT trends on Enterprise Architecture;
- Learn by example by demonstrating trends, developments, and case analyses;
- Extrapolate case observations into generic findings and hypotheses on value of EA.
SpecificsTHIS COURSE HAS BEEN MOVED FROM UNIT 2 TO UNIT 3.
Repeaters can take repeaters' exam or resit in unit 2 OR can take the new exam or resit in unit 3. It is NOT possible to use all 4 opportunities.
Required PrerequisitesIntroductory courses in Information Management and Information Systems
The new competitive business agenda is driven by competition based on quality, speed and cost, and catalyzed by the enabling possibilities of new technologies. This agenda forms the basis for developing new business models. A business model encompasses the architecture of the firm: the internal characteristics of the business venture, the external relations with business partners and the way technology and information assets are used. New business models require an integrative view on the business venture. In line with this, the objective of the course is to study and explore the design and evaluation of Enterprise Architectures.
Students finish this course with a clear understanding of architectural choices and the consequences of such decisions. Enterprise Architecting is the deliberate design of the enterprise as a whole. An Enterprise Architecture consists of four inter-related architectures: (i) organizational architecture, (ii) process architecture, (iii) information systems architecture, and (iv) technology architecture.
A clear enterprise architecture is a precondition for the alignment of business and technologies and business success. Enterprise Architecting decisions focus on questions like:
- Which competencies are needed in-house and which competencies can be outsourced;
- What is the appropriate organizational design;
- Which managerial and ICT decisions should be centralized or decentralized;
- Which processes and data need to be standardized and which ones can be proprietary;
- Which relationships need to be developed with external business partners and suppliers.
The course covers three main perspectives on Enterprise Architectures;
- A pressure cooker method for defining an enterprise architecture ('Picture Approach');
- The Enterprise Architecture method according to Ross and Weill, starting with the choice of the operating model in the firm, developing the to-be enterprise architecture, and implementing the architectures by developing competences (maturity) and IT governance (IT engagement);
- The Archimate method to specify the Enterprise Architecture of the firm, using the Archi toolset.
Type of instructions
Lectures, case discussions and tutorials
Type of exams
Written exam (60%), and (group) assignments (40%)
- Ross, J.W., Weill, P. & D.C. Robertson, Enterprise Architecture as Strategy, Harvard Business School Press, 2006, ISBN 1591398398.
- Groot, R.J.B., Smits M.T., & H. Kuipers, A method to redesign the IS portfolios in large organizations, IEEE Proceedings of HICSS, 2006. Article
- Additional articles (see Blackboard).
- M.P. McDonald, Architecting the Enterprise - An Approach for designing Performance, Integration, Consistency and Flexibility., Life Reloaded, 2005. PhD thesis Delft University of Technology