The course 'International and European environmental law' is offered in the first semester and is usually followed by students of a variety of master programmes such as International and European Law (EU law and international law and global governance tracks), Law and Technology, International Business Law and the Dutch Master Rechtsgeleerdheid.
The first lectures deal with general aspects of international and European environmental law (principles, institutions, harmonization etc.). In other lectures, more specific issues will be covered, such as the role of human rights in environmental issues, the problems related to climate change, nature conservation, water management, air pollution, waste, etc. These issues will be discussed both from an international law and a European law perspective. The interplay between the various levels of law (international - European - national) will be the main focus of the course.
For students in the EU tracks of the LLM International and European Law, this course is relevant as it gives a broad overview of EU environmental law and, through a thematic approach (focus environment) touches upon all basic elements of EU law, such as harmonization, free movement of goods, competition, role of EU Court of Justice etc.
For students in the international law and global governance track of the LLM International and European Law, this course is especially relevant for students of the pillars 'human rights and human security' and 'global sustainability and environmental law', as it deals with human rights in the context of environmental degradation and gives a broad overview of current international environmental law. .
For law & technology students, the course on international and European environmental law is interesting because it shows and explains the role of technology, as a cause and a solution of environmental problems. As a consequence, environmental law sets important conditions to technological development, and, at the same time, has the ability to stimulate the development of new, clean technologies.
For students interested in domestic law, such as students of the LLM Law, International and European Environmental Law is relevant because, in the EU, environmental law has been almost completely harmonized. As a consequence, domestic environmental law in the Netherlands, or any other EU mamber state, is almost entirely determined by EU Directives and Regulations. For Dutch legal practice in the field of environmental and planning lw, therefore, this course is essential.
- Philippe Sands and Jacqueline Peel, Principles of International Environmental Law, Cambridge University Press, 2018 (fourth edition), ISBN 978-1-108-42095-2
- Geert van Calster, Leonie Reins, EU Environmental Law, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017, ISBN 978-1-78254-917-8