Socio-demographic, economic and technological developments worldwide are causing deep social changes and lead to new social and political challenges but also new opportunities for economic growth. However, economic growth will not lead to improved socio-demographic outcomes if not supported by appropriate development actions and by policies that enable the redistribution of richness across countries and socio-economic strata. |
Fertility rates have substantially dropped worldwide, with the exception of Africa. This is associated in many countries with increased female participation in the labour markets, and for example with the rise of female entrepreneurship, particularly in emerging economies. On the other side, populations in Western countries are ageing fast. The individuals aged 60+ will increase by 50% within 2030 (World Health Organization, 2015), which requires the adaptation of healthcare and welfare systems to address chronic conditions, provide sustainable long-term care, promote personalized care to complex high-need patients, facilitate social inclusion and participation of the elderly (Curvers, Pavlova, Hajema, Groot, & Angeli, 2017). At the same time, phenomena such as urbanization and migration are changing the societal and labour landscape. Income, gender, health and education inequalities are rampant, across countries but nowadays especially within countries, across socio-economic strata. The challenge for societies is to redistribute economic growth with appropriate models of sustainable development, in order to reduce inequalities and improve socio-demographic indicators.
This course will cover 1) socio-demographic trends in advanced as well as developing economies 2) the complex interdependence between social, demographic and economic factors 3) the consequences and challenges of socio-demographic changes at organizational and intra-organizational level.
In particular, it will incorporate SOC, OS, and HRS perspectives by:
- Presenting existing frameworks on development and economic growth, patterns of development and consequent health and socio-demographic outcomes – (SOC)
- Considering organizational efforts targeted at (both) alleviating poverty and improving socio-demographic indicators (BoP) – (OS)
- Addressing consequences and determinants at micro level, looking at how socio-demographic changes such as population ageing and rise in female labour participation affects the nature of work and workforce within and across countries and the role of decent work in achieving a fair globalization and poverty reduction – (HRS)